Martyrs’ Day 2024: Date, History and Significance of Shaheed Diwas on Mahatma Gandhi Death Anniversary

Curated By: Nibandh Vinod

Last Updated: January 29, 2024, 21:16 IST

Martyrs' Day 2024: Traces leading to the site of Mahatma Gandhi assassination at the Gandhi Memorial in New Delhi. (Images: Shutterstock)

Martyrs’ Day 2024: Traces leading to the site of Mahatma Gandhi assassination at the Gandhi Memorial in New Delhi. (Images: Shutterstock)

On Martyrs’ Day, India remembers Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, and his lifelong commitment to Satyagraha and non-violent resistance. Check out his life, philosophy, and lasting impact on India and the world.

On January 30, India solemnly observes Martyrs’ Day, or Shaheed Diwas, marking the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the leader who spearheaded the nation’s independence struggle. This day signifies not just Gandhi’s tragic assassination in 1948, but also the countless sacrifices made by freedom fighters in securing India’s sovereignty.

Born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1869, he returned to India after studying law in England. Witnessing the injustices of British rule firsthand, Gandhi embarked on a unique path of non-violent resistance, christened “Satyagraha”.

Gandhi’s philosophy transcended mere political resistance. It emphasized truth, non-violence, and civil disobedience as powerful tools for social change. He mobilized millions through peaceful protests, marches, and boycotts, challenging the might of the British Empire with unwavering determination.


Beyond political independence, Gandhi championed social justice and communal harmony. He advocated for the rights of marginalized communities, including the Untouchables, and tirelessly worked to bridge the divide between Hindus and Muslims. His vision of a united, inclusive India guided his every action.


Despite his unwavering commitment to peace, Gandhi’s life was tragically cut short by violence. On January 30, 1948, while attending a prayer meeting, he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse.


Gandhi’s death sent shockwaves across India and the world. It served as a stark reminder of the fragility of peace and the dangers of hatred and division. However, his legacy of non-violence and Satyagraha continues to inspire generations across the globe.


Every year on Martyrs’ Day, India remembers not only Gandhi but also all the freedom fighters who laid down their lives for the nation’s independence. Leaders pay homage at Raj Ghat, Gandhi’s memorial in Delhi, laying wreaths and observing a two-minute silence. This national observance serves as a powerful reminder of the sacrifices made and the values they fought for.

Gandhi’s message of non-violence and peaceful resistance extends far beyond India’s borders. He has inspired countless movements for social justice and human rights around the world, from Martin Luther King Jr.’s fight for racial equality in the United States to Nelson Mandela’s struggle against apartheid in South Africa.

Mahatma Gandhi’s life and work continue to resonate with profound significance. He remains a potent symbol of peace, truth, and justice, reminding us that even in the face of adversity, non-violent resistance can be a powerful force for change. As we remember him on Martyrs’ Day, let us renew our commitment to upholding his values and building a world where peace and harmony prevail.

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